Saving Africa’s Elephants: Hugh and the Ivory War
Every day over 80 elephants are being killed in Africa for their ivory. At this rate, experts have warned, the African elephant could be extinct in the wild within 25 years. Hugh’s on a mission to find out how this brutal, illegal trade can be stopped.
Starting in the poaching hotspot of Northern Mozambique, Hugh follows the ivory trail through the port of Mombasa in Kenya, where a whistleblower reveals the corruption that lets smuggled ivory through the port.
From there Hugh heads to one of the busiest ivory markets in the world – Hong Kong, where he goes undercover to prove that traders are laundering recently poached ivory smuggled in from Africa. To his surprise he discovers that Europe and the UK are also sending huge amounts of ivory to Asia.
Back in the UK, Hugh uses radio carbon dating to reveal that carved ivory pieces on sale here are not always the antiques they claim to be. These shocking results lead him to call into question the UK Government’s policy on ivory. Are they prepared to take action? Hugh’s determined to get answers at the highest level.
EPISODE 1 SYNOPSIS
The illegal wildlife trade is a $20 billion industry, exceeded only by the illegal trades in drugs, weapons and people. The money stimulates violence, corruption, and a sophisticated and dangerous international network of criminals.
Two of the world’s most iconic species are at the centre of this nightmare. With an average of 82 elephants and 4 rhino poached every day, there is now a real threat that these animals could become extinct in the wild.
In this episode Hugh travels to Mozambique’s worst affected area, Niassa National Reserve, to find out why they have lost almost two thirds of their elephants in only three years. He joins conservationists, rangers and villagers as he patrols from the air and on the ground to discover the grim reality of the situation.
Seizure records show that an alarming amount of illegal ivory is smuggled through Mombasa Port in Kenya on its way out of the continent. Hugh wants to know how and why. He joins the Kenya government’s sniffer dog unit as a passport to get inside the port’s heavily guarded gates to find out more. Hugh finds evidence to suggest that bribery and collusion allows ivory to slip through the port in consignments of tea.
Hugh heads to Hong Kong, where carved ivory is popular as a work of art and sold openly in licensed shops. Here, as with elsewhere, the rules of the trade are riddled with confusion. Antique, or pre-convention ivory, is legal, but new fresh ivory is not. It is impossible, however, for an untrained eye to tell the difference. Hugh quizzes shop owners on the provenance of their stock, but quickly hits a wall. Teamed up with undercover experts from mainland China and rigged with secret cameras, he exposes how significant quantities of ivory from Europe are playing a part in fuelling the trade.
Back in the UK, Hugh wants to find out how much our own legal ivory trade is part of the problem. Questioning whether all of our antique ivory is really what it claims to be, he sends 9 pieces to be radio carbon dated. The shocking results suggest the UK ivory market is in disarray, and figures obtained from Hong Kong show that our own dealers are fuelling the Asian trade.
Hugh decides it’s time to challenge the UK Government on ivory policy – and remind them that they have twice pledged to ban the UK trade.
Written & Presented by
With thanks to
Samuel K Wasser
David Shepherd Wildlife Foundation
Environmental Investigation Agency
Save the Elephants
ITV – Tanzania
Trevor Lopez de Vergara
Head of Production
Commissioning Editor for the BBC